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Science
KEY STAGE 3.
The National Curriculum leads the skills developed at Key Stage 3 and there is a strong focus on developing specific skills within the framework of literacy and numeracy in a scientific context. A range of opportunities are provided for pupils to develop their wider knowledge of science and its relevance in today's world. A variety of teaching methods and practical work are used in order to engage and inspire pupils in the field of science and visits are arranged if appropriate. There is an emphasis on developing the Welsh dimension within the work plans. Science is taught in years 7 and 8 with pupils receiving 5 lessons a fortnight and they follow specific units. From Year 9 onwards Chemistry, Physics and Biology are taught as separate subjects but in a rotation system in which pupils have 5 periods of lessons a fortnight of one science at a time with an examination at the end of the rotation. A letter which will inform you of the dates will be provided at the beginning of the academic year.

By the end of year 9 pupils will receive a final level for their achievement in Key Stage 3 Science which will be based on evidence from a series of assessments in lessons throughout the year.

KEY STAGE 4.
In key stage 4 science is a core subject and all pupils will follow an appropriate course in the subject. Different courses are provided to meet the differing needs of pupils.
Pupils in the main stream will all follow GCSE courses:
The upper sets will follow a triple award course in science and receive separate GCSE grades in GCSE biology, GCSE chemistry and GCSE physics.
The remaining sets will follow a double award course in science which is equivalent to 2 GCSEs and gives a pair of grades from A*-G.
Occasionally an entry pathways course will be provided to a very small number of pupils.

Studying GCSE Science provides the foundations for understanding the material world. Scientific understanding is changing our lives and is vital to the world’s future prosperity, and all learners are taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of science. They are helped to appreciate how the complex and diverse phenomena of the natural world can be described in terms of a small number of key ideas relating to the sciences which are both inter-linked, and are of universal application.
These key ideas include the use of conceptual models and theories to make sense of the observed diversity of natural phenomena, the assumption that every effect has one or more cause, that change is driven by differences between different objects and systems when they interact, that many such interactions occur over a distance without direct contact, that science progresses through a cycle of hypothesis, practical experimentation, observation, theory development and review and that quantitative analysis is a central element both of many theories and of scientific methods of inquiry.

These key ideas are relevant in different ways and with different emphases in the three subjects as part of Science.

GCSE Double Award Science
Assessment Structure:
Biology 1: Exam 1 hr 15 mins - 15% - Summer Year 10

Chemistry 1: Exam 1 hr 15 mins - 15% - Summer Year 10
Physics 1: Exam 1 hr 15 mins - 15% - Summer Year 10
Biology 2: Exam 1 hr 15 mins - 15% - Summer Year 11
Chemistry 2: Exam 1 hr 15 mins - 15% - Summer Year 11
Physics 2: Exam 1 hr 15 mins - 15% - Summer Year 11
Practical Assessment: Practical Assessment undertaken in school - 10% - Jan/Feb Year 11

GCSE Biology, Chemistry and Physics (Triple Award Science)
Assessment Structure:
Unit 1: Exam 1 hr 45 mins - 45% - Summer Year 10
Unit 2: Exam 1 hr 45 mins - 45% - Summer Year 11
Practical Assessment: Practical Assessment undertaken in school - 10% - Jan/Feb Year 11

Entry Pathways
This course may be offered to a small number of pupils that face significant challenges in coping with the demands of the GCSE course. It provides an opportunity to gain a relevant qualification in science.
KEY STAGE 5.
Biology
AS Level:
Unit 1: Bio Molecules, Cell Structure, Cell Membranes, Enzymes, Nucleic Acids, Mitosis and Meiosis.
Unit 2: Classification and Evolution, Gaseous Exchange, Circulation, Plant Transport, Nutrition and Parasitism.


A2 Level:
Unit 3: Biochemistry of Respiration, Biochemistry of Photosynthesis, Microbiology, Populations and Ecosystems, Human Impact on the Environment, Excretory System and Nervous System.
Unit 4: Variation, Genetics and Evolution, Sexual Reproduction, Cloning and Gene Technology. (Choice of 1 of 3 options: Immune System and Diseases, The Skeleton and Muscle Function OR Behavious and Neurobiology.
Practical Work – Microscope work and practical exam.


Chemistry
AS Level:
Unit 1:The Structure of Matter, Simple reactions and The Language of Chemistry
Unit 2:Energy, Rate and Chemistry of Carbon Compounds.

A2 Level:
Unit 3: Physical and Inorganic Chemistry
Unit 4:Organic Chemistry and Analysis
Unit 5:Practical Examination


Assessment Structure
AS: 40%
Unit 1 and 2: Written examination 1hr 10mins

A2: 60%
Unit 3 and 4: Written examination 1hr 45mins containing some synoptic elements.
Unit 5: Practical examinations to be completed within year 13 on specific date.


Additional Information
Learners should be prepared to apply the knowledge, understanding and skills specified in a range of theoretical, practical, industrial and environmental contexts. There are specific practical tasks which must be undertaken by learners throughout the course in order that they are suitably prepared for the written examinations. They are required to keep an informal record of their work.

Physics
AS Level:
Unit 1 (Motion, Energy and Matter): Basic physics, Kinematics, Dynamics, Energy Concepts, Solids under stress, Using radiation to investigate stars, Particles and nuclear structure.
Unit 2 (Electricity and Light): Conduction of electricity, Resistance, D.C. circuits, The nature of Waves, Wave Properties, Refraction of Light, Photons, Lasers.
Practical Work – Practical work and techniques will be taught alongside the theory and will be examined in the same paper as the Unit 1 and 2 exams.


A2 Level:
Unit 3 (Oscillations and Nuclei): Circular motion, Vibrations, Kinetic theory, Thermal physics, Nuclear decay, Nuclear energy.
Unit 4 (Fields and Options): Capacitance, Electrostatic and gravitational fields of force, Orbits and the wider universe, Magnetic fields, Electromagnetic induction.
Unit 5 – Preparation for practical exam.

Assessment Structure
UG:
Unit 1: Written examination 1hr 30mins - 20%
Unit 2: Written examination 1hr 30mins - 20%

A2:
Unit 3: Written examination 2hr 15mins - 25%
Unit 4: Written examination 2hr - 25%
Unit 5: Practical examination - 10%
BTEC APPLIED SCIENCE LEVEL 3.
The BTEC level 3 course is relevant to the science workplace. With more employers looking for qualified people in the field of science, technology and engineering it is a great opportunity to gain a science qualification which is more vocational and skills based. This appeals to many students as they are assessed over a series of assessments which concentrate on certain criteria rather than formal external exams. The course prepares students for a wide range of scientific degree courses or to follow a career in the workplace such as in Forensics, Pharmaceutical Drug Research, Laboratory Technician, Nursing, Dental Technician etc. The students learn through completing assessments based on situations, activities and requirements of the real work place.
This BTEC Level 3 is equivalent to 1 A level.

Course Structure
The course consists of 3 core units studied in year 12 and 3 specialized units of our own choice in year 13.

Core Units in Year 12
Unit 1 – Fundamentals of Science
The aim of this unit is to develop the practical techniques necessary to pursue a career as a laboratory technician. Students will investigate the quantities needed in chemical reactions, the structure and functions of cells, the calorific value of different fuels and develop skills in communicating scientific information.

Unit 2 – Working in the Science Industry
The aim of this unit is to enable students to gain the knowledge and skills required by an employee in the science industry to be an effective and safe member of a team. Students will know communication practices, how laboratories are designed, how information is stored in laboratory information management and how to work safely in a scientific workplace.

Unit 4 –Scientific Practical Techniques
The aim of this unit is to enable students to use a range of practical techniques used in science such as the analysis of substances, the separation of substances and the use of instruments/sensors. The variety of techniques in the content allows the unit to be tailored to reflect the focus of different areas of study within Chemistry, Physics and Biology.

Year 13 Units
Unit 11 – Physiology of Human Body Systems
In this unit students will learn about the different systems of the body and how they work together. These include the nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, muscoskeletal, endocrine, lymphatic, digestive and reproductive systems. Students will learn to appreciate that each of the organ systems is equally important in enabling us to function as complete organisms.

Unit 20 – Medical Physics Techniques
The development of medical imaging technology over the last 50 years has given rise to new and fast means of diagnosis in medicine. In this unit students will gain an understanding of the properties of ionizing radiation and develop an appreciation of radioactive decay and half-life as well as discovering how X-Rays and Ultrasound are formed and used to diagnose medical conditions. They will also develop an understanding of how radiotherapy is used to kill cancer cells or destroy tumors.

Unit 22 – Chemical Laboratory Techniques
This unit will develop the ideas in unit 4 as well as developing ideas about new techniques about quantitative chemistry on a large scale. Student will prepare substances and determine the percentage yield and purity.

Assessment Structure
Every assessment is set and marked by the school and externally verified. There is no written examination and 100% of the qualification comes from these assessment completed under the guidance of the department. The students can gain a pass, merit or distinction qualification based on the amount and types of assessments they choose to complete.
This course cannot be completed successfully without regular attendance at lessons.